Key Policies and Legislation Required for Transformation

16. Summary of key policies and legislation required for transformation

Foundation for a sustainable transformation

 

 Reducing downside risks: Key policies for success

 

Agricultural Polices

 

 

1. Liberalize foundation seed policy to allow private sector to commercialize seeds

2. Eliminate government distribution of fertilizers and replace with private sector distribution

3. Move away from a flat fertilizer price subsidy to targeted support to small holder farmers

4. Incentives to engage young commercial farmers for farming as a business

5. Create Institutions to support the agricultural transformation agenda

  • Marketing Corporations, to replace marketing boards
  • Transform the Agricultural Research Council (ARCN) to a National Agricultural Agency like EMPRAPA that transformed Brazilian agriculture

6. Guaranteed minimum price for food crops

7. Revise the Land Use Act to enable easier access to land for investors in agriculture

8. Rapid expansion in irrigation facilities and revamping of existing ones.

 

 

Financial Service Policies

 

 

1. Incentives for access of farmers to weather index insurance to adapt to climate change

2. Remove the current monopoly on agricultural insurance by the National Agricultural Insurance Company and liberalize to allow private sector insurance companies

 

 

 Industrial Policies

 

 

  • Move gradually away from fertilizer consumption subsidies to support for local fertilizer manufacturing, leveraging the gas industrialization policy (e.g. Nagajuna 1.4 mil MT plant)

 

 

Market Development (Enabling Legislative Acts)

 

 

1. 10% Cassava Flour substitution for bread wheat flour

2. Blending 10% ethanol with petrol

 

 

Fiscal Policies

 

 

1. Zero tariffs (custom, excise and value added) for import of agricultural equipment and agro-processing equipment

2. Tax holidays for investors putting processing plants in staple crop processing zones

3. Increase levy on any commodities that Nigeria can produce (starch, sugar and wheat)

4. Current policy on import levy of 5% for brown rice and 30% for polished milled rice, and 5% on raw sugar and 10% on starches should be increased and revenue used to support domestic production

5. Supportive incentives for investors establishing blending plants for ethanol

 

 

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